“Lobbying”. An attempt to influence legislative or administrative action in this Commonwealth. The term includes: (1) direct or indirect communication; (2) office expenses; and (3) provide gifts, hospitality, transportation or accommodation to a public servant or employee of the Crown to further the interests of the lobbyist or principal. 65 Pa. Stat. and Cons. Stat. Ann. § 13A03.
Lobbyists are not just individuals who lobby. As a common exception, a legislator who tries to rally support for a bill in the normal course of legislation would not be considered a lobbyist. A voter who calls a political decision-maker about a matter of self-interest would also be exempt. The following persons are not considered “lobbyists” within the meaning of this chapter: (according to 42 R.I. Gen. Lois Ann. § 42-139.1-3) It is not possible to find a relevant law that defines “lobbyist” or “lobbying”. The term “lobbyist” does not include: a lobbyist employee; a person who does not receive any compensation for lobbying other than reimbursement of travel related to lobbying in the State and reimbursement of other expenses incurred by the person for printing, postage and food and accommodation related to lobbying activities paid by the person.
I, the Reverend Stat. tit. 3, § 312-A. Lobbying, which has received special attention in the United States, takes many forms. Representatives of the group may appear before the legislative committees. Officials can be “buttoned” in legislative offices, hotels or private homes. Letters may be written or telephone calls may be made to officials, and campaigns may be organized for this purpose. Organizations can provide money and services to preferred candidates. Massive public relations campaigns using all modern communication techniques can be launched to influence public opinion. Extensive research on complex legislative proposals can be made available to legislative committees by proponents of different and often conflicting interests.
Legislators or privileged leaders may receive significant campaign contributions or other forms of support. People who lobby in this way may be full-time civil servants of a powerful trade or agriculture association or union, individual professional lobbyists with many clients paying for their services, or ordinary citizens who take the time to express their hopes or complaints. Cities and states, consumer and environmental protection, and other “public interest groups,” as well as various branches of the federal government, also maintain employee lobbyists in the United States. The term “lobbying” does not mean: (1) requests for appointment, information on the status of ongoing executive and legislative actions or other contacts at ministerial level, if no attempt is made to influence executive or legislative measures; 2. responses to published notices in which public comments are addressed to the official designated in the notice to receive the responses; 3. The invitation of an association by its members to influence legislative or executive action; or 4. Communication between an association and its members and communication between a client and its lobbyists. Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-419. Contains definitions taken from the rules of the Ethics Committee.
Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 74, § 4249. (from 09.08.2020). The fact was that he was a newcomer and, as it was true, he did not possess the qualities that make a lobbyist successful. “Lobbyist” means a person who is employed by a Contracting Entity or who receives from a Procuring Entity economic consideration other than the reimbursement of actual expenses and whose duties include lobbying on behalf of the Client. If a person`s duties on behalf of a client are not limited to lobbying, the person is a lobbyist only if they make lobbying communications on at least 5 days during a reporting period. Wis.
Stat. Ann. § 13.62. The problem with the dictionary definition of lobbying is that the definition includes representatives of citizens who attend a march or demonstration, call a member of Congress, write a letter to their senator, or attend a public meeting. Typically, lobbyists are people who have worked on Capitol Hill, former members of Congress, lawyers with experience in drafting laws, or policy experts. People who know how the system works are generally better at influencing Congress than your average citizen. “legislative lobbying” means any act intended to promote, reject, influence or attempt to influence legislation or to promote, reject or influence the consent or veto of the Governor, including any measure intended to influence the introduction, sponsorship, consideration, act or inaction in relation to any legislation; provided that legislative lobbying involves actions aimed at influencing or attempting to influence the decision of an official or employee of a city or municipality if such actions are aimed at achieving a common objective with legislative lobbying at the state level; and provided that such legislative lobbying involves strategy, planning and research when conducted in connection with or for use in actual communication with a government employee.