Basic Legal English Vocabulary

These words and phrases are a good start to improving and building your legal vocabulary in English! Take the time to familiarize yourself with these words and practice them and you will feel more confident speaking the English legal language. The law as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. An insolvency document that contains basic information about the debtor, including the name, address, chapter under which the case is filed and the estimated amount of assets and liabilities. For example, you`ll hear a lot of legal terminology in this report about the trial of the former Uber CEO, or in this light video about the craziest laws in the United States. You can check out the full library of all learning features for free with a FluentU trial. After that, the ESL legal vocabulary was spoken and recorded by a native English speaker so that you could listen to the correct pronunciation. The recording is included in two forms: first as a simple transcoding that you can listen to, and then as a video in which you can see in which the flashcards are displayed while the words are spoken. The person who makes the final decision in a court case. You will need to use your knowledge of legal English to fill in the missing words and complete the sentences.

Once you have a general understanding of some of the most common and useful English legal words and phrases, use these resources to put your knowledge into practice. A negotiated or legal agreement between two or more groups of people. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee guarantee guarantees that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens freedom or property. With regard to civil actions in “justice” and not in “law”. In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages). A separate “justice” court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in “legal cases,” but not in “equity cases.” Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins to deliberate on the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules it must apply. Each video includes interactive subtitles, flashcards, exercises, and full transcripts. You`ll practice vocabulary and develop your skills in a targeted way while absorbing English the way native speakers really use it at work.

FluentU even tracks what you`ve learned and suggests new videos based on that information. Of course, if you plan to study or work in law abroad or if you intend to practice international law, it is very important to have a command of legal English. You will need it during meetings, hearings and in the courtroom. Initiate legal proceedings against someone in order to obtain compensation or payment for damages or misconduct. A legal agreement from the bank that lends you money to buy a house. This book focuses on American legal English. It is written specifically for non-native speakers to help them understand and use legal English. Written statements submitted to the court describing a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case.

Learning the vocabulary of legal English can greatly facilitate your work, eliminate the stress of important documents and even expand your international career opportunities. The book focuses on legal concepts, legal practice and laws in general. The book includes listening and speaking activities, as well as exercises that allow you to practice what you know. A written statement filed as part of a court or appeal process that explains the legal and factual arguments of a page. Here are some of the most common and useful English legal words and phrases you should know! A full-time lawyer employed by the federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Lawyers Programme in accordance with the Criminal Justice Act. In this article, you will learn more than 60 of the most important English legal vocabulary for courts and crimes, property rights and contracts. The legal system, which originated in England and is now used in the United States, is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical sequence of court decisions. The principles of the common law may be amended by legislation. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e.

the geographical area for which the court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. FluentU is the best tool for listening to legal English (and many other types of English) in real and native contexts. This page will help you with this by giving you a vocabulary list on the law and areas of law. The vocabulary on this page will let you know and understand what happens when someone commits a crime or you have to go to court. All the items in the vocabulary list have a definition so you know what they mean. Then there are vocabulary flashcards that you can download and use when you`re offline. Hopefully, you won`t find yourself on the wrong side of the law in an English-speaking country, but if you do, it would also be helpful to know a bit of English legal vocabulary. Even for something as simple as a speeding ticket, legal English can be crucial to understanding your responsibilities and consequences. A court decision in a previous case with facts and legal issues similar to a legal dispute currently being heard by a court.

Judges “generally follow precedents,” that is, they apply the principles established in previous cases to rule on new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was tried incorrectly or that it differed significantly from the current case in some way. The study of law and the structure of the legal system The following list contains the legal vocabulary ESL. Every word has a definition, and you should try to remember all of them. There are also flashcards of all the vocabulary that you can download and use whenever you are free. This is followed by a recording of the ESL legal vocabulary, which is pronounced by a native English speaker. In addition, people who do business with English-speaking companies around the world and even in their own country should be familiar with legal English for contracts. This resource is perfect for testing your knowledge of legal English.

The test focuses on commercial legal language and also gives you the opportunity to practice your grammar. Placing someone who has done something illegal in police custody. Legal English can also be simply useful for living or working abroad. Navigating life in an English-speaking country can be challenging. By learning legal language, you`ll be much better equipped to handle contracts, immigration documents, buying or leasing real estate, and more. Action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant on the basis of a claim that the defendant had failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Government agency empowered to resolve disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” A legal advisor or professional who pleads in court on behalf of the accused.

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